A mountain landscape, crossed by a deep valley, climbing up to the passes (towards Liguria and the Maritime Alps, or Viola and the Mongia Valley). The upper section has Alpine features (outcropping rock, conifers and pastures, with terraces where Ormeasco grapes were once grown), while the mid-lower part is characterized by deciduous woods, with large chestnut groves even on terraces (Garessina chestnuts).
A complex, hilly landscape, resembling an upside-down world, with a network of paths and crops on the ridges and woods in the drainage basins. Three valleys – Uzzone, Bormida and Belbo – branch out in the opposite direction to the Belvedere Langhe-Montezemolo crest, that forms the main ridge higher up. The ridges are characterized by a mosaic of crops, pastures and traditional cereals, not to mention more recent aromatic herbs. They are also renowned for hazelnuts, cultivated in the central part, and vineyards, to the north, that progressively merge with those in the well-known Langhe wine district.